Dowsing ancient civilisations
Dowsing ancient civilisations. It would be easy to believe that Homo Sapiens is a wise, rational and modern man. There is plenty of evidence to suggest that in fact there is nothing modern about us at all though.
Having trawled though the internet for information I have been fascinated to discover that actually man was pretty sophisticated in the past, and I mean the really distant past. I constantly amaze clients when I report to them that I have found energetic evidence of settlements of 30 – 40,000 BC or even up to 80,000 BC under their homes…buildings, domestic and for animal shelter, evidence of industrial working of ores or mining, well sites, community buildings, enclosures and animal pens. It was about time to find out about these early men and discover if what I was finding was true. So here is scientific and archaeological evidence to amaze you too!
Man from 200,000 BC to 35,000 BC
BC Early mankind as a culture likely originated 100,000 BC.
Burial rituals are wide spread by 80,000 BC suggesting a religious belief.
Burial artifacts suggest a belief of life after death by 60,000 BC.
It would appear that fundamental religious principles are widespread by 35,000 BC.
A clan culture appears to be universal.
Rock painting is universal .
Compassion for the unfortunate is wide spread.
A belief in the after life is wide spread.
Circumcision is being practiced.
A belief in guardian Spirits (angels) emerged
The Sumerian kingship concept emerges
Molecular biology suggests man originated about 200,000 BC from an African tribe (and that modern man emerged about 100,000 BC). China dates Homo Erectus to this period. Homo Erectus is located in Clacton, Eastern England (Yes, my local patch!) and is using wooden spear tips at this time. A broken wooden spear found at Essex, England is believed older than this period. In Maastricht Belvedere in the Netherlands the Homo Neanderthal at this time were using iron oxide as a red pigment for painting, for glue and for tanning hides, amongst other things.
By about 170,000 BC it is believed that humans began wearing cloths especially in northern climates. About this time in the East they developed the use of fire and cooked wild grasses, roots and tubers, as well as meats.
By 160,000 BC people were practicing mortuary practices of cutting and polishing skulls, and in 150,000 evidence of the use of fire is discovered in the Middle East.
In 1980 evidence of Aboriginal habitation in Australia were discovered in charcoal remains deep in the bed of the Great Barrier Reef and dated to this time, also suggesting seafaring ability.
By 135,000 BC there is DNA evidence of the modern dog.
The island of Crete appears to have been occupied in about 130,000 BC. This implies man must have sailed to the island. Some believe man could sail about 40 miles at this time. It’s possible the tools and artifacts found on the island might date as far back as 700,000 BC
By 125,000 BC man was hunting elephants and hippopotamuses in Italy.
The worlds oldest art was discovered in Northwest Australia and older tools are dated to 116,000 BC
By 110,000 BC flint tools have been in use for some time in the upper Tigris Valley (Iraq) located north of Mosul. Homo Neanderthal man is now burying their dead which indicates they had a social system requiring a formal buried system.
By 100,000 BC Homo Neanderthal has a brain size of 1,560 cubic cm whereas modern man has a brain size of 1,350 cubic cm. Homo Neanderthal is a flute-playing, story-telling, and spirit-seeking human. Some suggest as man shifts from being a carnivore to being a herbivore brain size diminishes due to inadequate protein intake. Chert (silica) is being mined at Nazlet Sabaha, Egypt. They use red ochre (iron oxide) in their burial rituals. Ancient shells discovered in Algeria suggests jewelry in the form of necklaces was in use.
Small stone tools found in Gaojia near Fengdu on the banks of the Yangtze indicate a tool workshop. More than a 1,000 tools have been found and were probably used to collect roots. Some suggest that the analysis of grammatical structures of 200 of the current 300 languages suggest that modern language arose about this time.
Homo Floresiensis who lived 93,000 BC to 10,000 BC is discovered on a Pacific Island. They are a human dwarf species believed marooned from the rest of the world. One female measures 3 feet tall. They used stone tools, lit fires and organized into hunting groups. They likely built boats to reach Flores, Indonesia. The oldest discovered harpoons date to 90,000 BC, further suggesting the use of boats.
In 80,000 BC the human population declined suddenly according to evidence from the mutation rate of mitochondria evaluated in 2000. The survivors provided the gene pool for all humans thereafter
Homo Neanderthal Man (150,000 – 1,300 BC), had an average life span of forty years, practiced burial rights and is firmly established in Europe from Germany to Baghdad.
Barda Balka near Chemchemal (Iraq) is a camping site used for the manufacture of flint tools. Burial sites at this time contained tools, food offerings and other ornaments suggesting a tribal belief in an after life and or a great social kinship culture. Reverence for life appears inherent to most early cultures.
DNA studies suggest modern man began departing Africa about 80,000 BC.
Seven artifacts of carved ochre including counting stones were discovered in Blombos Cave, South Africa suggests Homo Sapiens had complex and abstract thinking capabilities suggesting modern behavior about 77,000 BC.
In 75,000 BC the world is in a warm period. Human head lice and body lice diverged about this time, which means that human clothing was in use. Evidence suggests prehistoric man in France is burning coal for fuel.
The Blombos Cave in South Africa verified that people were making jewelry around 73,000 BC. They discovered 41 perforated snail shells obviously having been strung. Barbed harpoons testifies to new hunting skills. The Blombos Cave of South Africa contained fish bones.
The Sibudu Cave of South Africa contained a residue of a mixture of plant gum and ochre. The mixture created a type of superglue to attach stone tools to wooden shafts. Researchers suggest its an indication of complex cognition including multitasking and abstract thought in early man. Worked bone awls and points are in use on the shores of the Indian Ocean.
Smallpox is speculated to have evolved to man in Africa around 68,000 BC and spread throughout the world about this time and was finally eradicated in 1979.
Nine Homo Neanderthal like human remains from 60,000 BC are uncovered at Shamdar Cave near Rowanduz (Iraq). Evidence suggests they cared for the sick and disabled.
Homo Neanderthal man is located at Bau de L’Aubesier, southern France, and appears to hunt or trade in a forty-kilometer radius based upon animal characteristics.
At Diepkloof Rock, South Africa ostrich eggshells were used as water containers and were engraved with geometric designs.
In 58,000 BC Homo Neanderthals are digging graves east of the Tigris River, in Iran and carefully placing their loved ones with finely crafted flint tools, charred animal bones (roasted meat) and blobs of pollen likely from flowers. The Homo Neanderthal culture established a reverence for life, a belief in a life after death and compassion for the unfortunate.
Spear points of flint are discovered in southern France dating from 55,000 BC. At this time the first humans migrated to Australia from the islands of Indonesia. It is believed that they came in bamboo rafts from Indonesia and also from southern China.
About 50,000 BC people from Iran began moving out in all directions and had developed a set of new stone working techniques that characterize what is known as the Upper Paleolithic. The Cro-Magnon man who developed at this time developed a profound change in their tools, finer blades and projectile weapons. They developed better shelters, tailored clothing and more efficient hearths. Stone tools are being used in Northern China, Mongolia and Manchuria. The First Nation People may have reached Australia and America on boats from Asia about this time.
A Homo Neanderthal found in El Sidron Cave in Spain dating from 49,000 BC showed he inhaled wood smoke and ate cooked plant food including bitter-tasting medical plants chamomile and yarrow. At this time Homo Neanderthal Man is active in eastern England near Thetford, more home turf!
By 44,400 BC Sumerian tradition suggests their kingship moved from Larak to Sippar and one king clan reigned for the next 21,000 years.
Homo Neanderthal man at Slovenia likely played a flute dating 82 to 42,000 BC. They also used bitumen as a glue by 40,000 BC, a feat not equaled until 8,000 BC in Syria by more modern men.
A flute-like instrument made of bear bone was found by archeologist Janez Dirjec at the Divje Babe site in the valley of the Idrijca River in Slovenia. It was believed to be about 45,000 years old.
At Kostenki, Russia a ivory carving appears to be the first figurative art in Europe.
By 41,000 BC DNA analysis of bones of Homo Neanderthal at El Sidron, Spain suggest they were fair skinned people perhaps with freckles and red or ginger hair and could communicate orally. Research indicates they were as advanced as modern humans in intelligence, tool building and a variety of food acquisitions.
Man from 35,000 BC to 9,000 BC
The Mother earth belief developed about 28,000 BC suggesting some form of agriculture.
Men, women and children burials suggest equality of the sexes about 26,000 BC.
Females are viewed as the givers of life about 21,000 BC.
Trading patterns are well established by 16,000 BC requiring sharing and accommodation
The horse is domesticated as are sheep and agriculture is firmly established by 9,000 BC
Population densities in Western Europe appeared to dramatically increase about 35,000 BC resulting in a higher social evolution. Their main food source is reindeer, wild ox, red deer, bison, ibex, chamois, wooly rhinoceros and mammoth. Fish and plant foods do not appear to be consumed in large amounts. An abundance of food as a result of warmer weather allowed a more sedentary type of culture including cave art. This influx into Europe of diverse cultures caused a major social evolution leading to longer range trading patterns requiring better communication and cooperation.
A Hohle Fels Figurine is unearthed in southern Germany dating to this 35,000, and is believed to be an expression of fertility. It was similar to the Venus statues of 27,000 BC with exaggerated sexual features and a de-emphasized head.
Malaria mutated about this time but didn’t become a problem until about 3,000 BC
At Dzudzuana Cave, Republic of Georgia cloth fibers are found dating from 34,000 BC including 488 flax fibres, 13 spun, 58 dyed, with some fibres being 200 mm long. In south west Germany a female figurine is carved from a mammoth tusk, other carvings include horses and lions.
There is evidence from this period that Cro-Magnon man made needles from bone containing eyes for the insertion of some type of thread.
A site in the Chez Republic contained artifacts of about 29,000 BC, with fire pits, flint knives, bone tools and clay with fingerprints, reindeer hair and textiles. Two cooking pits had the remains of two mammoths.
Evidence suggest Belgium had domesticated dogs about this time.
By 28,000 BC grinding stones from Italy, Russia and the Czech Republic are embedded with starch grains, suggesting people were processing roots from cattails and ferns into flour. Cattail root tastes similar to creamed corn and was processed by early American Indians.
A limestone figurine of a woman is discovered at Willfndore, Austria. Some suggest this represents the beginning of the Mother Earth belief. The spiritual nature of the nurturing earth is linked to feminine fertility.
Finds at Sungir near Vladimir, Russia indicates beads and other materials are used as adornment in their burial practice in 26,000 BC. Children and adults are equally adorned suggesting a belief system of equality, devoid of a caste system mentality. A belief in life after death, compassion and reverence for life is widespread and well entrenched.
The community of Dolni Vestonice near Brno, Czechoslovakia reveals use of fires, hearths and wickiup or wigwam type structures in 25,000 BC.
In Siberia at a site predicted at 20,000 to 25,000 BC are found points, needles and ivory bracelets with figurines of birds and women. Three women are wearing hooded garments like the Eskimo parkas. Solutrean culture (23,000 to 18,000 BC) figurines, sculptures and bas-reliefs of females, often with pendulous breasts, sometimes pregnant and with exaggerated sexual characteristics are found from Russia to France. A serpentine pendant of a pregnant woman is discovered at Grimaldi, Italy dating from 21,000 BC. Most ancient peoples adored woman as givers of life especially pregnant woman.
From this period also, the oldest boomerang or Killing Stick is discovered in Poland made from a mammoth tusk. It exceeded the spear by killing at up to 660 feet.
A Kostenki, USSR site was first excavated in 1879 and includes human burials, animal bones, female figures of limestone and ivory, necklaces of arctic fox teeth, and headbands of mammoth ivory.
On the southwestern shore of the sea of Galilee are traces of starch granules of wild wheat and barley in a stone used to grind grain and in a hearth like oven, This is 10,000 years before either grain is known to be domesticated.
Evidence of tailored clothing is uncovered at Sungir, Moscow from 20,000 BC.
Paintings in Borneo and Kimberlay region of Australia show ocean going boats with over 30 people in them in 18,000 BC.
Fossils, rock art, stone artifacts, bone harpoons, shells, and many other items have been found in areas which today are considered too hot and dry to inhabit. The artifacts were located near remains of giraffe, elephant, buffalo, antelopes, rhinoceros, and warthog, as well as those of fish, crocodiles, hippopotamuses, and other aquatic animals, indicating the presence of lakes and swamps in the Sahara Region.
By 17,000BC most peoples are sewing garments using bone needles throughout Europe.
By 16,000 BC the Scandinavian ice sheet reached its maximum extent and sea levels are 425 feet below present levels. The dwellings are built using mammoth bones as structural support. They dug deep storage pits to keep their meat refrigerated in the permafrost. Artifacts suggest they traded over a 400 to 500 mile range.
By 14,000 BC Homo Sapiens in Europe were trading or traveling 250 km to the Atlantic Ocean and 125 km to the Mediterranean Sea Region.
It is known that wild grains were being gathered in Iraq and Turkey about 12,000 BC. The Woolly Mammoth was still roaming Britain at this time.
In 10,500 BC the Jomon people of Japan use pottery, fish, hunt and gather acorns, nuts and edible seeds. This culture survived until about 300 BC with some 10,000 known relatively sedentary sites. Japanese potters begin making cooking pots with pointed bases.
Global warming is believed to have reduced large game animal populations forcing a cultural change throughout Europe. The people are forced to migrate and turn to plant life and seafood as their primary source of food.
Recent genetic findings suggest that the people now known as Gaelic speaking Celts (including Irish, Welsh, Scots, Basques and Berbers) are a remnant of a group of people who left Spain 12,000 years ago and spent 6,000 years isolated from Europe before returning, bringing the Megalithic culture to coastal Europe.
The Proto-Celts (Neolithic man?), occupied much of North Western Europe at this time. The Lapps occupied northern Europe and intermarried with the peoples in Norway, Finland, Sweden and Russian. This is the period of megaliths, pottery, battle-axes, domestication of the horse, long-houses, use of ochre in burial rights, and an active and extensive trading period.
In 10,000 BC in the valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers (Iraq, Turkey and Syria) people began to collect wild wheat and barley likely to make malt then beer. It is believed over the next 5,000 years they gradually learned to cultivate these wild grains.
The Turkish Stonehenge is built in southeastern Turkey by Neolithic people at Gobekti Tepe Circles. They worked and transported 50 ton stones!
In Japan in 10,000 BC the Jomon people rely on hunting, fishing, and food gathering for survival. They reside in pit dwellings arranged around a central open space, in a settled community. The Jomon culture is associated with the introduction of rice agriculture and the use of metal and probably came from the Asian mainland between 10,000BC-400BC.
Some suggest the Gray Wolves were domesticated (selective breeding) between 10,000-8,000 BC in the Middle East based on genetic research. Dog and man go back to at least 29,000 BC in Europe. At this time is believed to be the first male circumcision in Australia as a right passage into adulthood.
In 9400 BC evidence suggests that figs were being cultivated at Gilgal, Jordon.
With kind thanks to http://metis-history.info/euro2.shtml for increasing my understanding of the ancient peoples and how this relates to my work